baby with skin rash

5 Common Skin Rashes in Children and How to Treat Them

As a parent, it’s natural to worry about any changes or irregularities in your baby's skin. From rashes that come and go quickly to ones that linger for days, there are several common skin rashes in children that can cause concern. Knowing what causes these rashes, recognizing the signs of infection, and finding appropriate treatments will ensure your baby stays healthy and comfortable as they grow.

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Types of Skin Rashes in Children

Skin rashes in children can be a frustrating and stressful situation for parents. Here, we will cover the 4 common skin rashes types found in babies and toddlers, their symptoms, causes, and recommended treatments. 


For baby skin, dermatitis is a very common type of rash. It appears as an itchy red rash that typically affects the face or other parts of the body. Dermatitis can be accompanied by fluid from blisters and swelling. Symptoms range from mild to severe and may vary from child to child depending on their sensitivity and individual triggers. Treatments for dermatitis in babies include avoiding contact with skin irritants, using protective creams or ointments, and medications to reduce itching and inflammation. During episodes of dermatitis, it is important for caregivers to provide supportive care for little ones experiencing skin irritation in order to promote healing and minimize discomfort.

Viral Infections

A baby's skin can be especially vulnerable to many illnesses. Because of this, rashes often point towards viral infections. Viral skin infections in children can lead to uncomfortable conditions which include chickenpox, shingles, fifth disease or hand-foot-and-mouth disease. These types of rashes usually present differently depending on the child and their age; they may show up as flat red spots or raised bumps. The best way to determine what type of rash your baby has is by seeking professional medical advice from your doctor.

Bacterial Infections

Similar to rashes caused by viral infections, bacterial infections can also cause skin irritation and rashes. These can range from benign conditions such as baby acne to more severe conditions such as impetigo - an infection characterized by red sores, blisters, and unique flaky patches called honey-coloured crusts. Bacterial infections can also result in unpleasant symptoms such as itching, pain, swelling and fever. Furthermore, it has been observed that longer-term complications from bacterial infections tend to increase with age – meaning if their bacterial infections are left untreated or mistreated, babies are at risk of developing worse illnesses. Therefore, it's important to get proper advice from your pediatrician if you suspect that your baby has a bacterial infection..

Fungal Infections

Babies have very sensitive skin that is prone to irritation from many external sources, including those caused by fungal infections. Fungal Skin infections can occur in any baby, though they are usually seen in infants with weakened immune systems or poor hygiene habits. Common signs of these kinds of infections include red, blister-like lesions and scaly patches appearing anywhere on the body. If not treated early enough, the rash can worsen and become even more uncomfortable for baby, which is why it's important for parents to be vigilant and take their baby to the doctor immediately if a fungal infection is suspected. In most cases, antifungal medications like topical creams or oral tablets can effectively treat fungal skin rashes in babies.

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The 5 Most Common Rashes in Children


We understand the stress that can come with worrying about our children's health. Here are the 5 Most Common Rashes in Children so that you can better understand what might be happening, and take the appropriate steps to address whatever skin issues your little one might be experiencing:

1  Eczema

Eczema is among the most common skin conditions that affect babies and young children. It is a chronic itchy rash characterized by dry, red patches that often form on the face, scalp, and other areas of the body. As it can cause intense itching and discomfort, children may experience difficulty sleeping. Treatment for eczema includes keeping the baby's skin moisturized, applying topical medications such as creams and ointments, and avoiding irritating fabrics such as wool. For severe cases, medication prescribed by a doctor can be taken orally or injected. By paying attention to the baby's behavior and recognizing signs of eczema early on, proper treatment can usually provide the baby with relief.

2  Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is one of the five most common rashes in children. It is a skin infection caused by a virus that normally affects a baby's cheeks, arms and legs but can show up in any area of their body. The rash typically presents as small, painless bumps which are flesh-colored or pink, and round with a dimple in the center. Molluscum contagiosum is contagious and can be spread from direct contact or sharing clothes, towels, and washcloths with infected individuals. Treatment may involve topical agents or destruction of palpable lesions by freezing crystallization or cryotherapy, but is often unnecessary as the virus goes away on its own over several months.

3  Impetigo

Impetigo is one of the most common rashes that babies and children experience. Impetigo, generally caused by a bacterial infection, is a contagious skin condition characterized by sores that form in patches on the baby’s arms, legs or face - usually around the mouth, nose or ears. The rash appears as red-coloured, painful blisters filled with fluid, which can also form a honey-coloured crust on top once they burst. Antibiotics are used to treat this skin condition and aid in preventing its spread to other areas of the body or other people. Promptly seeking medical advice is recommended when faced with this type of rash to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment.

4  Ringworm

Ringworm is a highly common skin rash found in children. It usually doesn't cause alarming symptoms—just inflammation and itchy, red, ring-like rashes on any part of the baby's body, including their scalp, groin, and feet. Left untreated, the fungus that causes ringworm can spread quickly to other areas of the baby's body or even to other people. Parents should be aware that while it is not serious, professional medical attention can help baby's skin recover quickly and ease any discomfort caused by this particular rash.

5  Coxsackievirus (Hand Foot Mouth Disease)

As a baby develops, they can sometimes experience a number of skin rashes that may be uncomfortable and cause concern. Coxsackievirus is one of the most common rashes among children, and its symptoms including fever and painful sores in the mouth and on the hands or feet. Left untreated, it can cause serious complications, so children who present with these symptoms should be seen by a doctor as soon as possible. Treatment typically includes supportive care to help ease discomfort, but anti-viral medications are available if necessary.

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When to Worry About Your Child’s Rash


As a parent, it is normal to worry when your baby gets a rash. However, most baby rashes are harmless and tend to clear up with time and hydration. If the rash is accompanied by a fever, difficulty breathing or swelling around the affected area, it may be cause for concern and should be evaluated by a doctor immediately. Other symptoms that may require medical attention include a change in behavior, vomiting or diarrhea, and any areas of intense redness or itching on your baby's skin. It is important to note that some rashes can be contagious, so parents should seek out medical advice if they suspect this might be the case. In summary, any baby rash that does not resolve quickly should be discussed with a health care provider in order to ensure proper diagnosis and management of whatever condition is causing the rash.  

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Final Thoughts

As a parent, it is important to be able to identify different types of skin rashes in children and understand how to properly treat them. Children's skin is delicate, so using skincare products that are gentle and effective is crucial. To discover dermatologist and scientist-formulated products for your baby, check out Soteri Skin today!

Related Link: 15 Common Skin Rashes to Know & Identify