Getting a baby rash can be a worrisome moment for parents. With so many different kinds of rashes, it can sometimes feel overwhelming to determine the cause or even know where to start when it comes to curing them. In this blog post, we'll discuss the potential causes behind common infant rashes and share helpful advice on how you can manage them.
Baby Rashes: Causes & Treatment
Do you have a baby with a rash that won't seem to go away no matter how many creams and ointments you try? Keep reading for more information about recognizing and caring for your baby's rashes!
Hand Foot Mouth Disease
Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease, or HFMD, is a common virus that mostly affects babies and young kids. Enteroviruses, which include the coxsackie A and B viruses, are what cause it. Most people with HFMD have a fever, a sore throat, and a rash on their hands, feet, and mouth. The rash usually looks like small, red blisters that can hurt or itch. Most of the time, the disease is spread through close contact, like when people touch, kiss, or share food or utensils. The main goal of treating HFMD is to make the symptoms go away. Pain relievers you can buy over-the-counter can help reduce fever and pain. Getting a lot of rest and drinking a lot of fluids can also help speed up the healing process. If a child has HFMD, they shouldn't go to school or daycare for 7 days, or until their symptoms go away.
Scarlet fever is an infection caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. It is also called scarlatina. Scarlet fever is characterized by a high fever, a sore throat, and a rash that looks like small, red, bumpy spots. Most of the time, the rash shows up on the chest and stomach, but it can spread to other parts of the body as well. The infection is caused by the same bacteria that cause strep throat, and it is often passed from person to person or by touching something that has been contaminated. Scarlet fever is usually treated with antibiotics to get rid of the infection and over-the-counter painkillers and fever reducers to make the person feel better. With treatment, the symptoms usually go away in a week or two, and serious problems are rare. But people should talk to their doctor if the symptoms keep coming back or if they have had rheumatic fever before.
Slapped cheek syndrome, commonly known as fifth illness, is a parvovirus B19 infection. It is distinguished by a bright red rash on the cheeks that seems to be "slapped." The illness is more frequent in children and often has moderate symptoms such as fever, headache, and runny nose. The rash typically occurs on the fourth or fifth day of the sickness and can continue up to a week. Slapped cheek syndrome has no specific treatment because it is often a self-limiting condition. Over-the-counter pain and fever relievers can assist, and rest and fluids are essential for recovery.
Heat rash, commonly known as prickly heat or miliaria, is a type of skin rash produced by sweat becoming trapped beneath the skin. It is most typically visible on parts of the skin covered by clothing or diapers, such as the neck, chest, and groin. Heat rash manifests itself as little red or pink bumps that may be irritating or uncomfortable. Parents should keep their babies cool, dry, and out of direct sunshine to avoid and cure heat rash. Skin can be kept dry and cool by wearing loose clothing and using lightweight cotton diapers. Avoiding the use of strong lotions or ointments on the afflicted area can also be beneficial.
Hives, also known as urticaria, are skin welts that are elevated, red, and itchy as a result of an allergic reaction. They can appear anywhere on the body and disappear as rapidly as they arrive. They can be triggered by a variety of factors, including food allergies, insect bites, or certain drugs. Antihistamines and/or topical creams can be used to treat hives in newborns. Epinephrine injections can be utilized in severe situations. Parents should avoid any recognized triggers and seek medical assistance if symptoms are severe.
The measles virus, commonly known as rubeola, causes a highly contagious viral infection. It is distinguished by a red, blotchy rash that begins on the face and extends to the rest of the body, as well as symptoms such as fever, runny nose, and conjunctivitis. Measles is spread through the air or by touching an infected person's nasal or mouth fluid. Vaccination is the most effective approach to prevent measles, and children are routinely given the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine between 12-15 months and again at 4-6 years of age. If you are infected, your treatment will mostly consist of supportive care such as rest, fluids, and fever-reducing medicine.
Atopic eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a skin ailment that causes dry, itchy, and irritated skin. It is most common in newborns and young children, and it frequently runs in families with asthma or allergies. Although the specific etiology of atopic eczema is unknown, it is assumed to be a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Emollient lotions and ointments are commonly used to moisturize the skin and minimize inflammation, as well as topical corticosteroids to relieve itching and redness.
Ringworm is a fungus that attacks the skin, scalp, and nails. It usually shows on the skin as a red or silver ring-shaped rash that is itchy and painful. The infection is caused by a fungus group known as dermatophytes, and it is most usually transmitted by contact with contaminated surfaces or skin-to-skin contact. Ringworm can be treated with antifungal creams and oral drugs, and it is critical to keep the diseased region clean and dry.
Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection that primarily affects children under the age of five. It is distinguished by blisters or sores on the face, arms, and legs, which can crust and scab over. The bacteria Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes produce the sores, which are most usually spread through close physical contact or by touching infected surfaces. To clear the illness, antibiotics are often either locally or orally. Regular hand washing and keeping any exposed wounds covered can assist to prevent the spread of impetigo.
Related Link: Irritant vs. Allergic Contact Dermatitis: Understanding Differences
The varicella-zoster virus causes chicken pox, a highly contagious viral infection. It is distinguished by a red, itchy rash on the skin, which is frequently accompanied by fever and an overall feeling of being ill. The rash typically begins as little red pimples that progress to fluid-filled blisters that scab over. Chicken pox is transferred by the air or by touching the blister fluid. The primary goal of treatment is to alleviate symptoms and limit the risk of subsequent infections. Over-the-counter fever and itching medications, as well as keeping the afflicted region clean and dry, can help to alleviate symptoms.
Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin illness that causes small, raised, flesh-colored pimples on the face, torso, and limbs. It is most typically seen in children and is caused by the molluscum contagiosum virus. The infection is normally harmless and self-limiting, so no treatment is required, and the rash will go away on its own. To eliminate the bumps, topical or cryotherapy may be indicated in some circumstances.
Scabies is a skin infestation caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. The mites burrow into the skin, leaving small, irritating red bumps and lines behind. Scabies is highly contagious and spreads via close skin-to-skin contact, and it is more common in crowded environments such as nurseries, care homes, and institutions. Treatment typically entails the application of topical scabicides such as permethrin or lindane, which are drugs that kill both the mites and their eggs. Keeping the skin clean and cold, as well as using antihistamines to relieve itching, can help lessen symptoms.
Cradle cap is a common skin ailment affecting infants and young children that is distinguished by thick, scaly, yellow or brown patches on the scalp. It is assumed to be caused by an excess of oil in the scalp, which leads to clogged hair follicles. It is not communicable or dangerous. Cradle cap can be treated with medicinal shampoos and oils, and gentle scalp brushing can help loosen and remove the scales. It can also be addressed by massaging the scalp with baby oil or mineral oil and gently combing the scales with a fine-toothed comb.
Nappy rash, often known as diaper rash, is a skin ailment that commonly affects newborns and young children who use diapers. It is caused by prolonged contact with moist or soiled diapers, which irritate the skin and produce redness, itching, and inflammation. To prevent and treat nappy rash, parents should keep their kids clean and dry, change their diapers frequently, and use a barrier cream to protect their babies' skin. A doctor may give topical antifungal or antibacterial treatments in severe situations.
Teething rash, also known as drool rash, is a common skin ailment that affects babies when their first set of teeth form. It is caused by teething's frequent drooling, which can irritate the skin and produce redness, irritation, and inflammation around the mouth and chin. Parents should keep the afflicted region clean and dry by wiping away drool frequently and using a barrier lotion to protect the skin to prevent and treat teething rash. Avoiding strong soaps and lotions, as well as changing and cleaning garments and bibs on a regular basis, will also assist. Teething rash is often a benign ailment that fades on its own as the baby's teeth emerge, but in severe situations, a pediatrician should be consulted.
Food Allergy Rash
Food allergy rash, also known as food-induced dermatitis, is a type of skin reaction caused by an allergic reaction to particular foods. It is distinguished by red, itchy, and swollen skin that can arise anywhere on the body but is most frequently seen on the face, neck, and torso. Cow's milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, and soy are all common triggers. To prevent and manage a food allergy rash, parents should identify and avoid any known triggers, and treat symptoms with over-the-counter antihistamines or topical treatments.
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Baby Rash Causes
Baby rashes can be caused by a number of things, including baby drool or spit-up, diaper irritation, allergic reactions, and skin infections. Baby drool can accumulate on baby’s skin, forming a moist environment that is perfect for a baby rash to form. Diaper irritation is another common baby rash culprit and typically is due to the baby’s sensitive skin coming into contact with wetness and bacteria in the diaper. Allergic reactions can also cause baby rashes as the baby's bodies are still developing so they may have sensitive reactions to certain foods or substances that an older person would be indifferent to. Lastly, skin infections can also cause baby rash so if you notice a red, scaly patch on your baby suddenly it could be an indication of a rash caused by an infection.
Related Link: Baby Skin Care Tips & Tricks: Guide For Parents
When to See a Doctor
As a baby's skin is particularly delicate, baby rash can be an intimidating and concerning issue for parents. While not all baby rashes require a visit to the doctor, it is important for parents to pay attention to any changes in their baby's rash as well as other symptoms that may accompany it. Generally speaking, if the baby's rash does not clear within a week or two, persists even when kept dry and clean, is accompanied by fever or a runny nose, appears yellowish or crusty, or the baby seems uncomfortable due to the rash, then it is likely time to make an appointment with their doctor for further evaluation. Keeping your baby's skin healthy should always be of utmost importance, and seeking medical advice in a timely manner will go a long way in helping them feel comfortable and healthy.
Preventing Baby Rashes
Taking preventative measures to keep baby rashes away is the first step in making sure your infant is as comfortable and healthy as possible. Protective clothing such as onesies, socks and long sleeves can help protect a baby's delicate skin from any irritants that may cause a rash. Additionally, it's important to avoid harsh laundry detergents when laundering baby's clothes or bedding and opt for products that are specifically designed for baby fabrics. Lastly, take extra caution when applying baby lotions and creams, to make sure that these products are hypoallergenic for the baby. Doing all of these things in combination can help significantly reduce the chances of a baby developing an uncomfortable or painful rash!
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No parent wants their baby to experience discomfort or pain, and rashes can be just that. But by understanding the causes of various types of baby rashes, you can better determine how to treat them quickly and effectively. And while there are many over the counter treatments available, we believe in using only natural ingredients on your baby's delicate skin. That's why we've created a line of skincare specifically for babies that is gentle, effective, and made in partnership with leading dermatologists. So if you're looking for treatments for your baby's rash, check out our site today!
Related Link: How to Bathe a Newborn or Infant: Baby's Bath Guide